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currency: Lesotho loti (LSL)
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Lesotho profile
landlocked, completely surrounded by South Africa;
mountainous, more than 80% of the country is 1,800 m above sea level
Lesotho history
Basutoland was renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho upon independence from the UK in 1966. The Basuto National Party ruled the country during its first two decades. King MOSHOESHOE was exiled in 1990, but returned to Lesotho in 1992 and was reinstated in 1995 and subsequently succeeded by his son, King LETSIE III, in 1996. Constitutional government was restored in 1993 after seven years of military rule. In 1998, violent protests and a military mutiny following a contentious election prompted a brief but bloody intervention by South African and Botswana military forces under the aegis of the Southern African Development Community. Subsequent constitutional reforms restored relative political stability. Peaceful parliamentary elections were held in 2002, but the National Assembly elections of February 2007 were hotly contested and aggrieved parties disputed how the electoral law was applied to award proportional seats in the Assembly. In May 2012, competitive elections involving 18 parites saw Prime Minister Motsoahae Thomas THABANE form a coalition government - the first in the country's history - that ousted the 14-year incumbent, Pakalitha MOSISILI, who peacefully transferred power the following month.
interesting Lesotho facts
Conventional long form: Kingdom of Lesotho
Conventional short form: Lesotho
Local long form: Kingdom of Lesotho
Local short form: Lesotho
Formerly known as: Basutoland
fun Lesotho facts for kids
Lesotho's capital city is Maseru
amazing Lesotho facts
Lesotho Constitution:
2 April 1993
Lesotho facts for kids
Lesotho population growth rate: 0.332%
Lesotho facts for kids
Lesotho highest point: Thabana Ntlenyana 3,482 m
interesting Lesotho facts for kids
Lesotho lowest point: junction of the Orange and Makhaleng Rivers 1,400 m
fun Lesotho facts for kids
About 11% of Lesotho's land is arable.
Lesotho fun facts for kids
Senqu River is the Longest River in Lesotho
Lesotho fun facts for kids
Lesotho birth rate is 27 births/1,000 population
Lesotho fun facts for kids
Lesotho infant mortality rate is 53 deaths/1,000 live births
Lesotho fun facts for kids
Lesotho fertility rate is 2.83 children born/woman
Lesotho fun facts for kids
Lesotho climate:
temperate;
cool to cold, dry winters;
hot, wet summers
interesting Lesotho facts
Top 10 cities of Lesotho with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Maseru: 118,355
2. Mafeteng: 57,059
3. Leribe: 47,675
4. Maputsoe: 32,117
5. Mohale’s Hoek: 28,310
6. Qacha’s Nek: 25,573
7. Quthing: 24,130
8. Butha-Buthe: 16,330
9. Mokhotlong: 8,809
10. Thaba-Tseka: 5,423
Lesotho fun facts for kids
Lesotho ethnic groups:
Sotho - 99.7%
Europeans, Asians, and other - 0.3%,
interesting Lesotho facts
Lesotho Exports:
manufactures - 75% (clothing, footwear, road vehicles),
wool and mohair,
food and live animals
interesting Lesotho facts
Lesotho Imports:
food;
building materials,
vehicles,
machinery,
medicines,
petroleum products
interesting Lesotho facts
bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (33 members - 22 principal chiefs and 11 other members appointed by the ruling party) and the Assembly (120 seats, 80 by popular vote and 40 by proportional vote; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
There are 10 districts.
They are
1. Berea
2. Butha-Buthe
3. Leribe
4. Mafeteng
5. Maseru
6. Mohale's Hoek
7. Mokhotlong
8. Qacha's Nek
9. Quthing
10. Thaba-Tseka
Political parties and leaders:
Media Institute of Southern Africa, Lesotho chapter -
Tsebo MATŠASA (pushes for media freedom)